The prostate is an organ located under the bladder and it produces semen.
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men. About 1 in 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime.
The risk of developing prostate cancer progressively increases with age. About 60 percent of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men aged 65 or older. It is rare for men to develop prostate cancer before age 40.
There’s no absolute prostate cancer prevention but evidence suggests diet plays a key role.
LOWERING RISK OF PROSTATE CANCER.
👩🏻⚕️ Eat tomatoes and other red foods
Tomatoes, watermelon and other red foods owe their bright color to a powerful antioxidant called lycopene. Some recent studies show that men who consume this fruit and tomato-based products have a lower risk of prostate cancer than those who don’t though research is still on going.
The redder the tomato, the better because lycopene accumulates during ripening. That means that pale store-bought tomatoes that are picked too early have less lycopene than vine-ripened tomatoes.
👩🏻⚕️ Recognize the power of fruits and vegetables
Nutrients and vitamins contained in fruits and vegetables may lower your risk of getting prostate cancer. Green vegetables contain compounds that help your body break down cancer causing substances called carcinogens. A nutrient-rich diet may also help slow the spread of cancer.
Consider soybeans and tea.
A nutrient called isoflavones has been linked to a reduced risk of prostate cancer in at least one 2014 review of controlled studies. Isoflavones are found in:
tofu (made from soybeans), chickpeas, lentils , alfalfa sprouts , peanuts .
A 2008 study showed that men who drink green tea or take green tea extract supplements have a lower risk of advanced prostate cancer than those who don’t.
Indulging a serious coffee habit is linked to a decreased risk of fatal prostate cancer.
Drinking four to five cups of coffee every day can lower your chances of fatal and high-grade prostate cancer according to a 2014 review of clinical studies.
Regardless of how many cups you drink overall, every three cups of coffee you drink can reduce your risk of fatal prostate cancer about 11 percent though this does not apply to those who grab an occasional cup.
However, high doses of caffeine can cause major health issues such as irregular heartbeat and seizures. The Mayo Clinic cautions against ingesting more than 400 milligrams of caffeine a day which is equivalent of four cups of brewed coffee.
Fact: Boiled coffee is better than The filtered one as it maintains the cafestol and kahweol.
👩🏻⚕️ Make good choices about fat .
A 2014 study notes there may be a link between animal fats and an increased risk of prostate cancer. In addition to meat, animal fats are found in lard, butter, and cheese. Whenever possible replace animal-based fats with plant-based fats. For example;
olive oil instead of butter, fruit instead of candy, fresh vegetables instead of prepackaged foods, nuts or seeds instead of cheese.
👩🏻⚕️ Stop smoking
Prostate cancer patients who smoke are more likely to have a recurrence of the disease. Smokers also have a higher risk of dying from prostate cancer.
It’s not too late to quit. When compared with current smokers, prostate cancer patients who quit smoking for more than 10 years had the same mortality risk as those who never smoked.
Low folate levels in your blood can increase your risk for cancer.
However, supplementing with folic acid, a man-made form of folate, may increase the risk of cancer.
Folate is found in many foods including green vegetables, beans, whole grains, and fortified breakfast cereals. The American Cancer Society recommends getting adequate amounts of folate through eating a variety of these foods.
👩🏻⚕️ Make time for exercise
Being overweight or obese is linked to an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer.
Regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight. *Benefits of exercise* *include*; increased muscle mass and better metabolism.
You can always try: walking, running, bicycling, swimming
Exercise doesn’t have to be boring. Vary your routine and invite your friends to participate. You’re more likely to work out if it’s fun.
👩🏻⚕️ Talk to your doctor
Ask your doctor about your risk for developing prostate cancer.
Some points to discuss include:
👉what medical screening tests you should have as you age
👉family history of cancer
Tell your doctor if you have the following symptoms:
👉discomfort anywhere in your pelvic or rectal areas
👉blood in your urine or seamen.
Compilation by Tina Mulumba @ Health Torch Uganda
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